Обезьяны перевод на английский множественное число

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Множественное число часто образуется с «нарушением» правил и, следовательно, может быть достаточно досадным аспектом английского языка как для носителей, так и для не носителей языка. Слова, оканчивающиеся на y, как правило, трудно классифицировать: правила формирования множественного числа отличаются в зависимости от букв, которые окружают букву у; иногда достаточно добавить букву s в конце слова, тогда как в других случаях изменяется все окончание, чаще всего на -ies.

В случае со словом monkey верен первый из двух описанных выше сценариев. У изучающих английский язык могут быть основания полагать, что окончание слова изменяется на monkies, основываясь на освоенных ранее правилах формирования множественного числа, с которыми они могли столкнуться.

Однако, к большинству слов, с окончанием -ey, просто добавляется буква s, чтобы образовать множественное число.

Например:

Key изменяется на keys

Trolley изменяется на trolleys

Journey изменяется на journeys

Следовательно, в вопросе “monkies или monkeys,” мы можем применить вышеуказанные правила и сказать:

Monkey изменяется на monkeys.

Но от куда нам это известно?

Дебаты о букве “y”

Больше всего вносит путаницу в аспект формирования множественного числа слов оканчивающихся на ey, тот факт, что последняя буква слова, это все же буква у. Это приводит к отсутствию ясности в отношении правильного употребления окончания -ies, отсюда и разногласие “monkies vs. monkeys”.

Решение во многом эстетическое. Слово, оканчивающееся на y, например, community или даже настолько простое слово, как fly, выглядело бы странно, если бы в конце стояла буква s: визуально более привлекательно употребить новое окончание, чтобы отразить множественное число. Слова communities и flies выглядят при написании лучше, чем communitys and flys.
Слова, оканчивающиеся на —ey, сами по себе имеют большую визуальную целостность, поэтому добавление s не будет выглядеть так странно. Например, слово chimneys. Так что со словом “monkeys” нет необходимости ни в каких дополнительных действиях.

АнглийскийКак правильно

Сесилия Джильотти

У меня большой опыт написания статей в самых разных жанрах, от литературных романов до музыкальных обзоров и академических статей. Я ценю силу слов.


Not sure whether the spelling is “monkies” or “monkeys?” Find out in this article. 

English is a language notably less consistent than other languages. The grammar and spelling rules seem to vary so much that it’s hard to see them as rules.

One of the rules that’s confusing to English learners is changing words from singular to plural. Sometimes, this is as simple as adding an “s” to the end of the word, while other times, the plural is an entirely new word.

The word “monkey” is one word that has very different spellings in singular and plural states. Whether you’re talking about spider monkeys, marmosets, or chimpanzees, what exactly is the correct spelling of the plural of “monkey” – “monkies” or “monkeys”? Keep reading to find out. 


Monkies or Monkeys – Which One to Use

comparing plural forms of monkey

When spelling out “monkies” or “monkey,” there is only one correct answer. To describe more than one monkey of any monkey species, you should spell it “monkeys.” It is no secret that vocabulary and grammar rules like this can bet tricky.

To illustrate, here are examples of each version of the word used in a sentence: 

  • There’s a monkey in that tree. 
  • We saw so many different monkeys at the zoo today!

This may be a confusing rule, as many words that end with a “-y” tend to end with “-ies,” and it may not even look right to see “ys” at the end of the word. 

However, the truth is that there are two options when it comes to converting singular words that end in “-y” into their plural form – either replace the word with “ies,” or tack a simple “s” to the end of the word. 

It can be hard to figure out when to use each, but there are a few rules and patterns that we’ll look at later that may be able to help you.

Finding out that “monkeys” is spelled with an “s” instead of an “ies” may have you confused about when to use either option in the plural form of a noun. To clear things up, let’s figure out when to use “ies.”


When to Use “-ies” 

Pluralization is one of the most irregular aspects of the English language, and words that end in “y” are the perfect example of why. Take the comparison of the phrases Time Flys & Time Flies for example.

Some words that end in “y” need an “s” tacked on at the end to become plural. For others, a longer combination of “ies” is required to completely replace the last couple of letters at the end of a sentence. So why is “ies” used at all, and why can’t we just simply add “-s” to the end of every word to make it plural?

The main reason for this variation is aesthetic purposes. Certain words that end in “y” look strange when you simply tackle an “s” at the end. 

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Take the word “lady,” for example. The word “ladys” doesn’t look right, and most English speakers would not assume that the word was pronounced as it actually is, as “ladeez.” Instead, some might think of the pronunciation as being “ladis.” In contrast, “ladies” has a less ambiguous pronunciation based on the already established rules of the language. 

Therefore, “ies” aligns with the standard norms in English language spelling and speech and maintains aesthetics in spelling. 

Let’s look at a few examples of plural words that end in “-ies.” 


Words that end in “-ies”

  • Fly = flies (both the verb and the noun)
  • Community = communities
  • Beauty = beauties
  • Baby = babies
  • Story = stories

Let’s look at when to simply add an “s” to the end of a word. Read our post about the words lense vs lens to learn even more about creating plural nouns.


When to Use “s”

As a general rule, most nouns become plural by simply adding an “s” to the end. Take the words Parents’ or Parent’s for example. Any word that does not subscribe to this rule is an irregular plural noun. While we see that this is far from the most concrete rule, it should be the first one you consider when turning a singular noun into its plural form. 

As we see, this isn’t the case with all words that end in “y.” However, there’s a way to figure out whether a word that ends with a “y” should end with an “-ies” or a simple “s.”

Here’s a pro tip to help you out: for most words that end in “-ey,” you simply need to add an “s” to make them plural. In fact, this is the case with “monkies” or “monkey.”

That said, sometimes the “s” is not enough. For example, for words that already end in “-s” in their singular form, you’ll need to add “es” instead of another “s.” The same goes for words that end in “sh,” “ch,” “x,” or “z.”

Here are a few examples of such words:

  • Bus = buses
  • Dress – dresses
  • Couch = couches
  • Brush – brushes
  • Tax = taxes

Words that end in “ys”

Here are some words, like “monkeys,” that end in “-ys”:

  • Key = keys
  • Journey = journeys
  • Trolley = trolleys
  • Chimney = chimneys

There aren’t an overwhelming number of words that follow this rule, but it’s still a substantial number that requires you to remember this rule and understand how to use it. Words that end in -y like Nosey and Nosy follow a similar rule!


Exceptions to the Plural Rules

Finally, a few irregular plural nouns don’t subscribe to any of the rules outlined so far. Just like we saw with the words Nana and Nanna, there are always exceptions to spelling & grammar rules!

Words that end in “f” have their own set of rules. The “f” is typically replaced with a “ve.” Here are a few examples:

  • Elf = elves
  • Calf = calves
  • Knife = knives

In addition, there are some words that, when they become plural, don’t end with an “s” at all. Instead, their words undergo a vowel change in the middle of the word. Some examples include:

  • Mouse = mice
  • Man = men
  • Goose – geese
  • Tooth = teeth

What’s more, some words are the same in plural as they are in the singular, such as:

  • Salmon
  • Sheep
  • Deer
  • Fish 
  • Species

Wrap Up

The correct spelling between “monkies” and “monkeys” is the latter, whether you’re talking about a spider monkey, howler monkey, or capuchin monkey. This is based on a general rule for turning words that end in “ey” into the plural form, where you simply tack on an “s” at the end. 

While this article does not outline an exhaustive list of rules to convert singular words into their plural form, understanding the rules above ensures a good beginner’s understanding of how to turn words from singular to plural. If you need some extra help, consider using our FREE grammar lookup tool to make things easy!

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Changing words from singular form to plural form is one of the most common English grammar mistakes that people make. The only grammatically correct way to make the word ‘monkey’ plural, is by adding an ‘s’ to the end of the word, making it ‘monkeys.’ 

Continue reading on to learn more about the definition and etymology of monkey, English grammar rules for changing singular nouns into plural nouns with examples, and how to use both the singular and plural forms of monkey correctly within a sentence.

Definition and Etymology of Monkey

According to an Etymology Dictionary, the word “monkey” may have originated in a German version of the Reynard the Fox legend, which was published around 1580 and is said to have inspired the term. This version of the fable features a figure by the name of Moneke, who happens to be the offspring of Martin the Ape.

Monkeys are, of course, small primates that live in tropical areas, mostly in trees. They are mostly known for their long tails and human-like hands with opposable thumbs.

Monkeys or Monkies, Which is Correct?

To make the word ‘monkey’ plural, you simply add an ‘s’ at the end of the word. This can sometimes be confusing because it goes against the traditional grammar rules for turning singular words into plural ones.

English Grammar Rules for Plurality

In the English language, to turn something from a singular form into a plural one, you must first look at the ending of the word and the letter that directly precedes it. The general rule of thumb is that a word that ends in a ‘y’ will have the ‘y’ changed to ‘ies’ to form the plural version.

There is an exception to this rule, however, and it features the preceding letter to the ‘y.’ If the word ends in ‘y’ and has a vowel that directly precedes it, you will use only an ‘s’ to make it plural instead of the more common ‘ies.’

An example of this is changing ‘party’ to ‘parties’ because the letter preceding the ‘y’ is a consonant. The word ‘chimney’ on the other hand, would be changed to ‘chimneys’ to make it plural because the letter preceding the ‘y’ is a vowel.

Using Monkeys: An Example

To refer to more than one monkey in a sentence, making the word plural, is quite simple. Just by adding an ‘s’ to the end, you can turn one monkey into one hundred if you like. Examples of using monkey in the plural form are:

  • The monkeys in India will take food right out of your hand.
  • There are monkeys in Puerto Rico that came there accidentally.
  • The monkeys in the Amazon are dangerous and should be left alone.
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Conor is the main writer here at One Minute English and was an English teacher for 10 years. He is interested in helping people with their English skills and learning about using A.I tools at work.

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